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ANNOUNCER: The following is a
class on the Bhagavad
gītā As It Is, 1st chapter, text
number 15 given by His Divine
Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami
Prabhupāda, recorded on July 15,
1973 in London, England.

Translation: “Then Lord Kṛṣṇa
blew His conchshell named
Pāñcajanya; Arjuna blew his, the
Devadatta; and Bhīma, the
voracious eater and performer of
Herculean tasks, blew his terrific
conchshell named Pauṇḍram.”

PRABHUPĀDA: So Vṛkodara,
Bhīmasena, is advertised as
voracious eater. But he can
perform Herculean task also. Just
like the elephant, it eats
voraciously, but it gives service
also. Similarly if we simply eat
voraciously and we cannot give
any service that is not good. We
must eat sumptuously and give
service also. In Bengali it is said
that peṭe keli piṭhe soya (?). If
one is given sufficient food in the
belly, he can carry more burden
on the back. So Bhīma-karma, his
activities were very Herculean,
very, very, difficult tasks he

So everyone is named here with
his task. The first name is, Kṛṣṇa,
Hṛṣīkeśa. Hṛṣīkeśa. He is the
master of the senses. Govinda.
Go means senses. “Who gives
pleasure to the senses.” So Kṛṣṇa
has got many names, thousands,
out of which, the Kṛṣṇa name is
chief, mukhya. That is described
in Vedic literature. People say
God has no name. That is right.
He has no particular fixed name.
But His names are there
according to His different
activities. Just like His name is
Devakī-nandana. Because He
accepted Devakī as His mother,
therefore He is called Devakī-
nandana. Similarly, He is called
Nanda-nandana, Yaśodā-
nandana, Vrajendra-
nandana—in relationship with
Nanda Mahārāja, Yaśodā, His
foster father and mother.
Similarly, He is sometimes named
Pārtha-sārathi because He acted
as the chariot driver of Arjuna.
Arjuna’s name is Pārtha. His
mother’s name is Pṛthā, Kuntī’s.
From Pṛthā, his name is Pārtha.
From his father’s name, Pāṇḍu,
his name is Pāṇḍava. So in this
way big personalities or anyone,
they should tally, the name
should tally with the activities.
This is nomenclature.

In the… According to Vedic
civilization, after the birth of the
child, there was name-giving
ceremony, what kind of name. So
that was calculated astrologically,
that what kind of name he should
be given, because the name
should carry some meaning of
the activities of his life. So Kṛṣṇa
is named here Hṛṣīkeśa. Hṛṣīkeśa,
Kṛṣṇa, in the fifteenth chapter is
described that He gives direction
to everyone. Sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi
sanniviṣṭaḥ: “I am sitting in
everyone’s heart as Paramātmā.”
Realization of the Absolute Truth
are three features, Brahman,
Paramātmā and Bhagavān.

vadanti tat tattva-vidas tattvaṁ
yaj jñānam advayam brahmeti
paramātmeti bhagavān iti
śabdyate [Bhāg. 1.2.11]

Brahman, Paramātmā and
Bhagavān. The same object. So
the Brahman realization is
impersonal realization. Just like
the sun, the sun globe, and the
sunshine. They are one, but the
sunshine, realization of the
sunshine, is not realization of the
sun globe. Or realization of the
sun globe is not realization of the
sun god who is within the sun
globe. Vivasvān. His name is
Vivasvān. The present
predominating Deity in the sun
planet, his name is Vivasvān. And
his son Manu is called Vaivasvata
Manu. This is the age of
Vaivasvata Manu. So at the… This
is very nice example, that the
sunshine, the sun globe and the
sun god. They are all one, but
still, the sun globe is not the
person, sun god; neither the
sunshine is not the person sun,
although they are one. This is
called acintya-bhedābheda-
tattva, inconceivably one and
different simultaneously.

So Brahman realization is also
God realization, but it is partial.
The Supreme Lord is sac-cid-
ānanda-vigrahaḥ [Bs. 5.1] He is
person. But He is not a person
like us. He is sac-cid-ānanda-
vigrahaḥ. Īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
sac-cid-ānanda-vigrahaḥ [Bs. 5.1].
Vigraha means person. So He is
person, Bhagavān. Brahmeti
paramātmeti bhagavān iti
śabdyate. Three features,
realization of the Absolute. The
first realization, imperfect
realization, is impersonal
Brahman. Further advanced
realization. And ultimate
realization—the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Kṛṣṇa.
These are the three stages.

So when He is Hṛṣīkeśa, it is His
Paramātmā feature. As it is stated
in the Bhagavad-gītā,

īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānāṁ hṛd-deśe
’rjuna tiṣṭhati bhrāmayan sarva-
bhūtāni yantrārūḍhāni māyayā
[Bg. 18.61]

Īśvara, the Supreme Lord, Kṛṣṇa.
Īśvara means the Supreme, īśvara
means controller. But the
supreme controller is Kṛṣṇa.
Īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ [Bs. 5.1]
Control everyone of us, we are
controller. We control our family,
our society, our business, our
factory. There are different kinds
of controller. So in that sense
everyone is īśvara, but different
types of īśvara. But the supreme
īśvara…. Supreme means nobody
controls Him, but He controls
everyone. That is Supreme. Here
we are controller, but we are also
controlled, somebody else,
superior than me. Therefore we
cannot be called supreme
controller. Supreme controller is

When Kṛṣṇa was present on this
planet, nobody could control
Kṛṣṇa, but He controlled
everyone. Nobody could control
Kṛṣṇa. So therefore the great
saintly persons, even Brahmā,
they have decided, that īśvaraḥ
paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ: [Bs. 5.1] “The
Supreme controller is Kṛṣṇa.” He
controls even Brahmā, ādi-
kavaye. In the Śrīmad-
Bhāgavatam it is said, tene
brahma hṛdā ādi-kavaye. Tene,
He instructed Brahmā śabda-
brahma, Vedic knowledge, hṛdā,
through heart. That is Hṛṣīkeśa.
You can argue that “Brahmā was
the first creature within this
universe. So how he could be
instructed by somebody else?”
No. The somebody else is always
there within the heart, Hṛṣīkeśa.
Hṛṣīkeśa means controller.
Sarvasya cāham… Kṛṣṇa says in
the Bhagavad-gītā, sarvasya, in
the fifteenth chapter, sarvasya ca
ahaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭaḥ: “I am
sitting in everyone’s heart.”
Mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ
ca: [Bg. 15.15] “From Me, one
remembers and one forgets
also.” Forgets also. If you want to
forget Kṛṣṇa, so Kṛṣṇa will give
you such intelligence that you will
forget Him forever. Ye yathā
māṁ prapadyante tāṁs tathaiva
bhajāmy aham [Bg. 4.11].

So the atheist class, demon class,
they want to forget Kṛṣṇa. So
Kṛṣṇa gives him such intelligence
that he can speak of atheism so
many volumes. But he is getting
that intelligence from Kṛṣṇa.
Kṛṣṇa gives everyone the chance
that “Whatever you want to do,
you can do. I will give you
intelligence. So if you want to
become atheist, then I will give
you intelligence how to become
first-class atheist, like
Hiraṇyakaśipu, Rāvaṇa, Kaṁsa.
And if you want to become
devotee, then I will give you
intelligence also in that way.”
Buddhi-yogaṁ dadāmi taṁ yena
mām upayānti te. Teṣāṁ satata-
yuktānāṁ bhajatāṁ prīti-
pūrvakam [Bg. 10.10]. Anyone
who is engaged in His service
with love and affection, teṣām,
not all, not all… Because not all,
not everyone wants to serve Him.
Everyone wants to become God,
imitator. Imitation. Therefore they
say, “Why Kṛṣṇa shall be alone
God? I am God.” You are God.
That’s all right. But you are not
the Supreme God. Why you
forget that? You may be a God at
home of your wife, but when you
go to your office, you are not
god; your master is god. He
directs you to do something; you
have to do it.

So we may claim that “Every one
of us, we are God,” but nobody
can claim that “We are supreme; I
am Supreme God.” That is not
possible. That can, Kṛṣṇa can
claim only. Mattaḥ parataraṁ
nānyat kiñcid asti dhanañjaya:
[Bg. 7.7] “My dear Dhanañjaya,
there is no more superior
personality than Me.” And He
proved it. So God cannot be
manufactured. God is God. Kṛṣṇa,
when He was three months old
on the lap of His mother, still, He
was God. He could kill the
Pūtanā. So God cannot be
manufactured by so-called
meditation and mystic power.
You can get some of the
insignificant powers of God, but
simply, but you do not know how
much powerful is God. That you
do not know. Therefore when a
person gets little power, he
thinks that he has become God.
He does not know how much
powerful God is.

So therefore śāstra says that “You
may be god in your own
atmosphere, in your own
jurisdiction. You may think that
you are God.” And everyone
thinks like that. “But the Supreme
God is Kṛṣṇa.” Eko yo bahūnāṁ
vidadhāti kāmān. In the
Upaniṣads it is said that God is
also a person like me, you. Nityo
nityānāṁ cetanaś cetanānām. But
His personality is different from
your personality, from my
personality. What is that
difference? Eko yo bahūnāṁ
vidadhāti kāmān: “He supplies all
the necessities of all other
personalities.” That is the
difference. God is supplying us
food. This conception is there in
the Bible, “God, give us our daily
bread.” This is nice. Accepting
that you are getting all supplies
from God, this is sukṛti, this is

If one, anyone says, “Oh, what
God? We are creating our own
food.” Just like the Communist
says. They are duṣkṛtina, rascals.
But if anyone even goes to the
church and temple for asking
something to God, he is pious. At
least, he has approached God. So
one day when he will be
advanced devotee, he will not ask
any more. He knows that “Why
shall I bother God? He is
supplying everyone food, so why
shall I ask Him food? My food is
also there. Let me serve Him.”
That is his higher intelligence.
That is higher intelligence, that
“Why shall I ask food from God?
God is supplying food to the cats,
dogs, ants, elephants, and I want
little food, he will not supply me?
And especially when I engage
myself in His service? Ordinary
man pays to his servant, and I
shall starve if I am engaged in the
service of God?” This is
intelligence. This is intelligence.
“Why shall I bother God? If He
likes, I will starve. That doesn’t
matter. But I must engage myself
in the service of the Lord.” This is
intelligence. Bahūnāṁ janmanām
ante jñānavān māṁ prapadyate
[Bg. 7.19]. This intelligence comes
after many, many births of
endeavoring for self-realization. It
is not easily comes.

So there is no question of scarcity
for devotee. Just like this
morning I was discussing with a
gentleman. So a devotee is not in
need of everything. Why he
should be? He cannot be. Even
one who is not devotee, if he is
getting supplies from God, how is
it that the devotee will not get?
Just like the government. The
government, although there is
prisonhouse, the government
supplies the food. Not that
because they have gone to the
prisonhouse, they are starving.
Rather, those who are
unemployed, they prefer
prisonhouse, that without any
service, they will get free food.

So anyone within this material
world, they are prisoners.
Bhrāmayan yantrārūḍhāni
māyayā. Īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
hṛd-deśe ’rjuna tiṣṭhati [Bg.
18.61]. Īśvara, the Supreme Lord
Kṛṣṇa as Hṛṣīkeśa, He is sitting in
everyone’s heart as Paramātmā,
and He is guiding. This is
confirmed in the Vedas that two
birds are sitting on one tree.
These two birds, one is Kṛṣṇa and
another, the living entity,
Paramātmā and jīvātmā. The
jīvātmā is eating the fruit, and
Paramātmā is simply becoming
witness. Anumantā upadraṣṭā.
Paramātmā is seeing, Hṛṣīkeśa is
seeing that you are doing this. So
we may forget what nuisance we
had done in our last life, but
Paramātmā is there, witness; you
have to get a body according to
your work. Karmaṇā daiva-
netreṇa. You are working, that is
being witnessed by the
Paramātmā. And He is also giving
advice. Because we have
forgotten Kṛṣṇa, we have rebelled
against Kṛṣṇa. We want to act
according to our whims.

Just like a child wants to do
something according to his
whims. Father checks him, “My
dear child, do not do this.” But if
he likes, if he persists, father says,
“All right, you do it.” This is the
position. The Hṛṣīkeśa,
Paramātmā, He is always guiding
us, but we do not accept His
guidance. This is our position.
Arjuna has accepted Kṛṣṇa, that “I
shall be guided by You. Although
You’ll not fight.” Therefore here it
is said, Hṛṣīkeśa, He’s guiding
Arjuna. The hṛṣīka means the
senses. Hṛṣīka-īśa. Īśa means
Lord, master, īśvara or īśa. So
Hṛṣīkeśa. Actually, He is the
master of the senses. In the
Bhagavad-gītā you will find. In
the Eleventh Chapter it is said,
sarvataḥ pāṇi-pādaṁ tat, “God
has His hands and legs all over
the universe.” What is that? This,
our hand, our legs, this is God’s
hands, God’s leg. He is the
master. I am claiming, “This is my
hand,” but as soon as God
withdraws the power of your
hand, it is paralyzed, you cannot
repair. Therefore the real
proprietor is Kṛṣṇa. You are not
proprietor. You have been given
the facility to use it, for…, use it
not for your sense gratification,
but for the satisfaction of the
Lord. Then your life is perfect.
Because the things belongs to
Kṛṣṇa. He is Hṛṣīkeśa. He is the
master. Just like we are sitting in
this house. Somebody has given
us. Similarly, everything belongs
to God. This is self-realization. My
body belongs to God, my mind
belongs to God, my intelligence
belongs to God, I am spirit soul, I
am part and parcel of God.
Therefore everything belongs
to…Īśāvāsyam idaṁ sarvam.
Everything belongs to God. So if
you don’t use it for God, that is
called demonism. And if you use
it for God, that is devotion. That’s

One must realize that “Everything
belongs to God; nothing belongs
to me. Even this body is given to
me by God. “Why a different
body? The different body is…
God gives us different body
according to our karma. That is
explained. Karmaṇā daiva-
netreṇa jantur dehopapattaye [SB
3.31.1]. How we get a different
type of body? We have got
different types of body. Because
according to our past karma, we
have created a certain type of
body and now we have entered
into that body and working
according to past karma.

The Christian theologicians, they
do not believe in the karma. I was
student in Christian college,
Scottish Churches College. So in
our younger days, the Professor,
Dr. W.S. Urquhart. So I heard his
lecture, that he did not believe in
the karmas. He said that “If I am
suffering or enjoying for my last
karma, who is the witness?
Because some witness must be
there that I have done this.” But
at that time we were not very
expert. But this Hṛṣīkeśa is the
witness, anumantā upadraṣṭā.
Upadraṣṭā. He is simply seeing.
So the Christians, they have no
Paramātmā idea. Sometimes they
say holy ghost. Means a clear
idea. But this Hṛṣīkeśa is clear
idea. Hṛṣīkeśa. Hṛṣīka-īśa.

So this bhakti, devotional path, is
meant for satisfying the master of
the senses. Hṛṣīkeṇa hṛṣīkeśa-
sevanaṁ bhaktir ucyate [Cc.
Madhya 19.170]. Hṛṣīkeṇa, by
your senses, when you serve the
Hṛṣīkeśa, the master of the
senses, that is called bhakti. This
is the definition of bhakti.
Hṛṣīkeṇa hṛṣīkeśa-sevanaṁ
bhaktir ucyate [Cc. Madhya
19.170]. Nārada-pañcarātra. So
that is our business. We should
under… That is self-realization.
Īśāvāsyam idaṁ sarvam.
Everything belongs to God;
nothing belongs to us. This is
Bhāgavata communism. As the
communists, they say,
“Everything belongs to the state,”
we say “Everything belongs to
God.” We never say that anything
belongs to anyone. No. This is
Bhāgavata communism. So
everything belongs to God. So
one can utilize God’s property as
much as he requires, not more
than that. Then he will be thief,
he will be punishable. Just like
father’s property. Each and every
son has got the right to live at
the father’s protection. Mā
gṛdhaḥ kasya svid dhanam. That
is spiritual communism. Whatever
wealth is there within this
universe, all belong to God, and
we are, as sons of God, we have
got right to take advantage of
this wealth, but not more than
what I require. That’s all. This is
spiritual communism. If you take
more, then you become
punishable. This is the law of

Therefore our aim of life should
be to understand that every…, to
know… This is self-realization,
that everything belongs to God.
Nothing belongs to us. This is
self-realization. I also belong to
God. My, this body made of five
elements, gross body… Bhūmir
āpo ’nalo vāyuḥ, earth, water, fire,
air, sky. This is gross body. And
subtle body, khaṁ mano buddhir
eva, mind, intelligence, ego.
These eight. Kṛṣṇa says, bhinnā
me prakṛtir aṣṭadhā: “These eight
kind of prakṛti, they are My
energy. They are My energy.” So
this whole universe is creation of
Kṛṣṇa’s material energy.

We are marginal energy of Kṛṣṇa.
So we are now put into this
material energy because we
wanted to enjoy this material
world. In the spiritual world the
only enjoyer is Kṛṣṇa, either in
spiritual or material world, He is
the only enjoyer. That is stated in
the Bhagavad-gītā, bhoktāraṁ
yajña-tapasāṁ sarva-loka-
maheśvaram [Bg. 5.29] “I am the
enjoyer.” So this is to be
understood, that He is the
supreme enjoyer. He is also
enjoyer of My energy. Because
my energy is derived from
Kṛṣṇa’s energy. Just like master
and servant. The master is paying
him food, anything for comforts.
He is getting energy. So how the
energy should be utilized? For
the master, not for his sense
gratification. This is perfection of
life. You produce anything by
your energy, but you cannot use
it for your sense gratification.
Then you become perfect. And if
you want to do it, then Hṛṣīkeśa,
the master of the senses, will give
you intelligence how to do it. Just
like He is giving Arjuna
intelligence. Therefore He is
mentioned as Hṛṣīkeśa. How to
win victory? How to utilize his
energy for Kṛṣṇa? Kṛṣṇa wanted
the battle. Arjuna was a military
man. He utilized his military
strength for Kṛṣṇa’s purposes.
That is the perfection of life.

So whatever you have got, if you
utilize it for Kṛṣṇa’s sake, hṛṣīkeṇa
hṛṣīkeśa-sevanaṁ bhakti [Cc.
Madhya 19.170], that is bhakti.
Even by fighting, you can be a
great devotee, just like Arjuna. He
was not chanting on the beads,
but he was fighting. But still,
bhakto ’si priyo ’si me. Kṛṣṇa says,
“Oh, you are My great devotee.”
Now people, may say that “He
was not chanting. He was
fighting. How he became a great
devotee?” But Kṛṣṇa says, bhakto
’si priyo ’si me: “You are My dear
friend. You are My devotee.
Because you are utilizing your
energy for Me.” So bhakti means
you utilize your energy for Kṛṣṇa.
Then your life is perfect. Thank
you very much.